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World War 2: Alliances, how it started and ended.

World War 2 was known as a global war that started from 1939 and ended in 1945. The war was between the military alliances of the Allies versus the Axis.

The Allies of World War II was established on January 1, 1942. Their goal was to stop the German, Japanese and Italian aggression. The Allies were established by its leaders which include Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States of America, Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom and Chiang Kai-shek of China. Other members of the Allied forces include Poland, France, and dependent states such as British India. Later in, they were also joined by Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa.

When the German invasion of Northern Europe started, the Netherlands, Greece, Belgium and Yugoslavia also joined the Allies. The Soviet Union joined the Allies after being invaded by Germany in June 1941, while the United States officially joined the Allies in December 1941 and provided war materials after the Japanese attack on the Pearl Harbor. And since China has already been in a prolonged war with Japan since 1937, they also officially joined the Allies in 1941.

The “Big Three”- Soviet Union, United Kingdom and United States controlled the Allied strategy. With China, The Big Three became the “Big Four”. In 1945, the nations of the Allied countries became the basis of the United Nations.

The Axis of the World War II on the other hand was also known as the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis. The Axis grew because of Germany, Italy and Japan. In October 1936, a treaty happened between Germany and Italy. Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini on the 1st of November declared that all other European countries would from then on be included and rotate on the Rome-Berlin Axis.

An anti-communist treaty was then signed between German and Japan in November 1936. The pact was joined by Italy in 1937. The Axis became a military alliance in 1939 under Germany, Italy and Japan.

In 1937, Japan aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, creating a war with the Republic of China. But the World War II started when Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. Because of that, France and the United Kingdom declared a war on Germany. Germany was more in control of continental Europe. This was when the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan begun.

In 1945, the war started to end. Mussolini was hanged by Italian partisans and that’s when Venice fell to the Allied Forces. Also on April 30, 1945 Adolf Hitler committed a suicide along with his wife. The forces of German in Italy surrendered. The victory of Europe (VE day) was declared on May 8, 1945. The Soviet Union declared a war on Japan and invaded Machuria. But before that the bomb on Hiroshima, Japan was dropped followed by the second drop of bomb on Nagasaki. That was when the Japanese forces surrendered. Victory over Japan (VJ day) was declared on August 15, 1945. Japan delegation signed an instrument of surrender after that.